Ultimate Guide to JEE Main: Everything You Need to Know

The JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination) is one of the most competitive and sought-after entrance exams in India, primarily for students aspiring to pursue engineering courses at premier institutions like the National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), and other centrally funded technical institutes. 

About the JEE Main

The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts an overview of the JEE Main Paper and serves as the first phase of the two-tier JEE examination system. It is a prerequisite for JEE Advanced, which is necessary for admission to the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). 

The JEE Main evaluates students’ knowledge and understanding of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. This comprehensive guide covers all essential aspects of the JEE Main, from an overview to preparation tips, and everything in between.

Exam Dates & Latest Updates

The  JEE Main exam is usually conducted twice yearly, in January and April. The official dates for the exams are announced by the NTA well in advance to allow ample preparation time for the students. For the latest updates, candidates should regularly check the official JEE Main website and reputable education news portals.

Important Dates for JEE Main 2025 (Tentative)

  • Release of Notification: Expected in December 2024
  • Start of Online Registration: January 2025 for the first session
  • Admit Card Release: March 2025
  • Exam Dates: Likely in April 2025 for the first session
  • NTA JEE Main Result Declaration: May 2025 for the first session

Always verify dates from official sources as they are subject to change.

Highlights of the JEE Mains Exam

Particular Details
Name of exam
Joint Entrance Examination (Main) or JEE Main
Conducting Body
National Testing Agency
Level of exam
Exam frequency
Twice a year in January and April
Mode of exam
Online as a computer-based test
How many students appeared for JEE Mains 2024
11.7 lakh (Session 1)
Courses offered
BTech, BArch and BPlan
Application fees
INR 1000 (Male unreserved/OBC/EWS category) INR 800 (Female unreserved/OBC/EWS category) INR 500 (SC/ST/PwD/Transgender category)
Exam duration
3 hours 4 hours for PwD
Total marks
300 marks for Paper-1 (BE/BTech)
400 marks for Paper-2A (BArch)
400 marks for Paper-2B (BPlan)
Marking scheme
+4 for each correct response
-1 for each incorrect response
Total Questions
90 questions in Paper 1 (BE/BTech)
82 questions in Paper 2A (BArch)
105 questions in Paper 2B (BPlan)
Language of paper/exam
13 languages- English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu
Accepting colleges
All NITs, IIITs and CFTIs
Number of test cities
290 in India, 20 outside India
JEE Main 2024 official website
JEE Main contact details
NTA Telephone Number: 0120-6895200
NTA Email ID:
NTA Helpline: 8178359845 | 8287471852 | 9650173668 | 9599676953 | 8287471852

JEE Main Eligibility Criteria

To appear for the JEE Main, candidates must meet specific eligibility criteria:

Educational Qualification

  1. Qualifying Exam: Candidates should have passed or be appearing in the 12th class or equivalent examination from a recognized board.
  2. Subjects: The qualifying examination must include Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as mandatory subjects.

Age Limit

There is no age limit to appear for JEE Main. However, candidates must have passed their class 12th examination or equivalent in the past three years.

JEE Main Registration Process

The JEE Main registration process is conducted online through the official NTA website. Here are the steps involved:

  1. Registration: Create an account on the JEE Main official portal by providing basic details such as name, email ID, and mobile number.
  2. Fill Application Form: Complete the application form with personal, academic, and contact details.
  3. Upload Documents: Upload scanned images of your photograph, signature, and other required documents as per the specified format and size.
  4. Payment of Fees: Pay the application fee online through debit/credit card, net banking, or UPI.
  5. Print Confirmation Page: After successful payment, download and print the confirmation page for future reference.

Ensure to double-check all entered details and documents before submission to avoid any discrepancies.

JEE Main Exam Syllabus

The JEE Main 2025 syllabus encompasses topics from the 11th and 12th-grade Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics curriculum as prescribed by CBSE. Here’s a brief overview of the syllabus:


Class 11: Units and Measurements, Motion, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Gravitation, Thermodynamics, etc.

Class 12: Electrostatics, Current Electricity, Magnetic Effects of Current, Electromagnetic Waves, Optics, etc.


Class 11: Basic Concepts of Chemistry, Structure of Atom, Chemical Bonding, States of Matter, Thermodynamics, etc.

Class 12: Solid State, Solutions, Electrochemistry, Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, Coordination Compounds, etc.


Class 11: Sets, Relations and Functions, Complex Numbers, Trigonometry, Permutations and Combinations, Binomial Theorem, etc.

Class 12: Matrices, Determinants, Continuity and Differentiability, Integral Calculus, Differential Equations, Vector Algebra, etc.

A detailed JEE Main 2025 syllabus is available on the official JEE Main website and should be referred to for precise topics.

JEE Main Exam Pattern

Understanding the exam pattern is crucial for effective preparation. The JEE Main exam pattern includes:

Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech)

  1. Mode of Exam: Computer-Based Test (CBT)
  2. Duration: 3 hours
  3. Sections: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
  4. Type of Questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Value Questions
  5. Total Questions: 90 questions (30 from each subject)
  6. Marking Scheme: +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect MCQ, no negative marking for numerical value questions

Paper 2A (B.Arch) and Paper 2B (B.Planning)

  1. Mode of Exam: Paper 2A (Offline for Drawing section, CBT for other sections), Paper 2B (CBT)
  2. Sections for Paper 2A: Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing
  3. Sections for Paper 2B: Mathematics, Aptitude, Planning
  4. Type of Questions: MCQs, Numerical Value Questions, and Drawing (for B.Arch)

Refer to the official information bulletin for detailed insights on the exam pattern for both papers.

How to Prepare for JEE Main

Preparing for JEE Main NTA requires a strategic approach, dedication, and consistency. Here are some effective tips:

Create a Study Plan

  1. Timetable: Allocate specific time slots for each subject and stick to the schedule.
  2. Revision: Regularly revise topics to reinforce learning and improve retention.

Understand Concepts

  1. NCERT Books: Thoroughly study NCERT textbooks for a strong foundation.
  2. Reference Books: Use additional reference books for advanced problems and conceptual clarity.

Practice Regularly

  1. Mock Tests: Take regular mock tests to assess your preparation and improve time management.
  2. Previous Year Papers: Solve previous year question papers to understand the exam pattern and frequently asked questions.

Focus on Weak Areas

  1. Identify Weaknesses: Identify topics where you are weak and focus on strengthening them.
  2. Seek Help: Don’t hesitate to seek help from teachers, mentors, or online resources.

Stay Healthy and Positive

  1. Balanced Diet: Maintain a healthy diet to keep your energy levels up.
  2. Relaxation: Take short breaks and indulge in recreational activities to avoid burnout.
  3. Positive Attitude: Stay motivated and keep a positive outlook throughout your preparation journey.

JEE Main Exam Cities

The JEE Main exam is conducted in numerous cities across India and abroad. Candidates can choose their preferred exam city while filling out the application form. The JEE Main NTA allocates the exam center based on the candidate’s preference and availability.

Major Exam Cities in India

  1. North Zone: Delhi, Chandigarh, Jaipur, Lucknow, Dehradun, etc.
  2. South Zone: Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Thiruvananthapuram, etc.
  3. East Zone: Kolkata, Patna, Bhubaneswar, Guwahati, etc.
  4. West Zone: Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, etc.

International Exam Centers

JEE Main paper is also conducted in a few international locations such as Dubai, Singapore, Bahrain, and more.

Admit Card of JEE Main

The JEE Main admit card is a crucial document that candidates must carry to the exam center. It contains essential details such as the candidate’s name, roll number, exam center, date, and time.

Steps to Download Admit Card

Step 1: Visit the Official Website: Go to the JEE Main official website.

Step 2: Login: Use your application number and password to log in.

Step 3: Download Admit Card: Click on the link to download the admit card and save the PDF file.

Step 4: Print: Take a printout of the admit card and keep it safe.

Ensure to check all details on the JEE Main admit card for any discrepancies and report them to the NTA if needed. 

Results of JEE Main

The JEE Main results are typically announced a few weeks after the examination. The results are declared online on the official JEE Main NTA website.

How to Check Results

  1. Visit the Official Website: Go to the JEE Main result portal.
  2. Login: Enter your application number and password/date of birth.
  3. View Result: Click on the result link to view and download your scorecard.
  4. Print Scorecard: Take a printout for future reference.

The scorecard contains details like the candidate’s score, percentile, and All India Rank (AIR).

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the JEE Main exam pattern?

The JEE Main exam paper is divided into two parts. Paper 1 is for B.E./B. Tech courses are conducted in a computer-based mode. Paper 2 is for B.Arch and B.Planning courses and is divided into two parts: Paper 2A (B.Arch) and Paper 2B (B.Planning). Paper 2A has a mix of computer-based and pen-and-paper (drawing) tests.

How many times is the JEE Main conducted in a year?

JEE Main is conducted twice a year, in January and April. Candidates can appear for either or both sessions, and the best score among the attempts is considered for the ranking.

What are the eligibility criteria for the JEE Main paper?

Candidates must have passed their Class 12th or equivalent examination in the previous two years or be appearing in the current year. They should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects.

Is there an age limit to appear for JEE Main?

There is no age limit for appearing in JEE Main. However, candidates must fulfill the age requirements of the institutes to which they seek admission.

Can a candidate from any stream appear for JEE Main?

Candidates must have completed their Class 12th or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics to be eligible for B.E./B.Tech courses. For B.Arch and B.Planning courses, Mathematics is a compulsory subject.

What is the role of the JEE Main score in the admission process?

The JEE Main score is used to determine eligibility for JEE Advanced and is also a key criterion in the admission process for NITs, IIITs, and other centrally funded technical institutions. State engineering colleges and private institutions may also use JEE Main scores for admissions.

How can one prepare effectively for JEE Main?

Effective preparation involves understanding the exam pattern, creating a study schedule, focusing on conceptual clarity, practicing previous years’ question papers, taking mock tests, and regular revision. Joining coaching classes or online platforms can also help in systematic preparation.

What are the subjects covered in the JEE Main paper?

For Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech), the subjects include Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Paper 2A (B.Arch) includes Mathematics, Aptitude Test, and Drawing Test, while Paper 2B (B.Planning) includes Mathematics, Aptitude Test, and Planning-based questions.

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